ijaisem.com



simple way to build a PC











Who is this for

Anyone who wishes to build a basic personal computer for everyday use from scratch, who would like to save some money, because
he/she build it themselves, for those who want to have a sense of pride and satisfaction after building a PC, for those who want
to learn a new skill and enhance their technical knowledge.

What do you get from this

A well built customize personal computer. Its well built because you assembled it responsibley, assuring all the correct parts are
installed properly and testing the system to make sure it works properly. You save some money, becuase you built it yourself, and you
purchase affordable (not to expensive) computer parts.

Prerequisite before starting to build your PC

[1] Basic understanding of the workings of a personal computer system.

[2] You have at least seen the inside of a desktop computer.

[3] Able recognize computer parts.

[4] You have some experience of assembling and dis-assembling computer parts.

[5] Aware of the proper and safe way of handling electrical parts.

[6] You know how to use basic tools for computer assembly like: screwdriver or pliers.

[7] You have a clean, well ventilated, static free and well lighted work area.


If you are ready, start following the steps below.


It is important to ground yourself first:

Before you start handling computer parts it is very important to ground yourself first so that the computer parts would not get damage, Electro Static Discharge or better
know as ESD is responsible for making your parts enoperable.

[1] Use a ESD wrist strap, where you attach it like a bracelet and attach the clip to the metal desktop casing.

[2] Touch the end of a metal part at the back of the desktop case.

[3] Use a anti-static bag to store the parts.


Step:

1


Prepare the parts you will need to build your PC. Refer to the Checklist below for all the parts you will need. Click the Computer Parts tab, to get a full description of the part.


Computer Desktop Case Mother Board CPU (Central Processing Unit)
Power Supply with attach power cords Computer Case Fan Computer CPU Fan
DVD/RW drive SSD drive (For Quick Booting) LCD Monitor with power cord
Keyboard Mouse VGA cable
Memory (DDR#) Motherboard StandOff Screws (Very Important) SSD Bracket (To hold the SSD)
Sata Data Cables Thermal Paste Internal Speaker

Step:

2


This Tool set is available at Amazon, they have other types, just click on the link to see more:

Tools: Prepare the tools you will need to assemble the PC.

[1] Screw-driver - This tool is use to drive down screws.

[2] Various screw bits - If you have different type of screw heads, attach a matching screw bit to the screwdriver.

[3] Flashlight - To illuminate the dark inside area of the dekstop case.

[4] Long nose plier - To pick up the fallen screws.

[5] Standard plier- To hold on to items or twist metal.

[6] Pocket knife - To cut tape and plastic ties.

[7] Cable ties (Not shown). - To Keep wires organized.


Basic Tools needed to build your PC.
Tools

Step:

3


Clean the Computer Desktop Case:

[1] Remove the Case from the box, use the pocket knife to open the box.

[2] Get a clean cloth, use it to wipe off any dust found outside the case.

[3] Open the case and wipe off any dust inside the case, be careful not to accidentally remove any cables found inside the case, this cables are used to power the PC, to connect the Audio and USB ports.


Computer Desktop Case
Computer Desktop case

Step:

4


Remove the Computer Desktop Case DVD front cover:

[1] Remove the DVD front cover, each case has a different way of removing the dvd front cover from the front panel, please refer to your desktop case owner's manual to perform this action.

[2] On the demo case, the desktop front panel is removed by priying it open on the side.

[3] Once detached from the desktop, the dvd front cover is un-scrwed from the back of the desktop front panel.

[4] Be very careful in removing the DVD front cover, you might break the desktop front panel case.


The DVD front cover is beside the desktop
Detach the DVD front cover

Step:

5


This Power Supply is available at Amazon, they have other types as well, just click on the link:


Install the Power Supply (PSU):

[1] Remove the Power Supply Unit (PSU) from the box.

[2] Straighten the various power cords attached to the PSU.

[3] Inside the desktop case, at the rear corner of the desktop case, this is were you will install the PSU.

[4] Gently insert the PSU, into its position, with the DC power connector facing outside, make sure the PSU is fitted in the slot.

[5] Align the PSU screw holes againts the four PSU holes located at the rear.

[6] Secure the PSU, use the PSU screws that came with it.


The PSU is inserted at the rear. The DC power connector is facing outside, and properly secured with the screws.
Install the Power Supply (PSU) Install the Power Supply (PSU)

Step:

6


This CPU is available at Amazon, they have other types as well, just click on the link:

2 Cores/ 4 threads
Base frequency 3.7 GHz
Compatible with Intel 300 Series chipset based motherboards
Thermal solution included



Install the Central Processing Unit (CPU) on the Mother Board:

[1] Remove the CPU from the plastic case. The Shinny flat side is the front side, the bottom side is showing the circuits, do not touch the bottom side, this is the side that will touch the pins located inside the CPU socket on the motherboard. Hold the CPU by its side.

[2] Place the motherboard on top of the anti-static bag, place the mother board face-up. somewhere in the center of the motherboard, you will find the CPU socket bay, on the CPU socket bay there is a plastic cover, remove this plastic covering.

[3] Open the the CPU socket metal cover, by releasing the latch, as shown below, gently lift the CPU socket metal frame, this will expose the pins inside the CPU socket bay. do not touch the pins.

[4] Place the the CPU inside the socket bay, align the Gold arrow printed on the CPU against the Dot found beside the socket bay. Once aligned, be very gentle in placing the CPU inside the socket bay, make sure the CPU is fitted correctly inside the socket.

[5] Close the CPU socket metal cover, and secure it by re-attaching the latch.


The CPU plastic cover from the CPU socket bay is removed. The CPU socket bay is opened, by releasing the latch beside it. The CPU socket bay is exposed, showing the pins, do not touch this pins. The CPU is installed inside the CPU socket bay, the Gold arrow from the CPU is aligned against the small Dot. See bottom left corner of the CPU. The Gold arrow on the CPU is aligned against the small dot. See bottom left corner of the CPU. The CPU socket bay is closed.
Install the CPU Install the CPU Install the CPU

Install the CPU


Install the CPU


Install the CPU

Step:

7


Install the CPU fan:

[1] If the bottom of the CPU fan has already a thermal paste, do not apply the thermal paste else
apply a pea size amount of thermal paste at the bottom of the CPU fan.

[2] Place the CPU fan on top of the CPU, the bottom part of the CPU fan with the thermal paste should touch the top of the CPU.

[3] Align the four CPU fan legs againts the four holes surrounding the CPU socket bay.

[4] Lock in-place the CPU fan by screwing the four legs to the holes surrounding the CPU socket bay. The demo CPU fan legs are pressed into place.

[5] Connect the CPU fan connector into the CPU fan header pins. Look for the label "CPU FAN" on the motherboard.


The CPU fan is place on top of the CPU socket bay, and it lock into place. The CPU fan power connector is inserted into the CPU fan header pins labled "CPU FAN". The CPU fan is securley in place and connected to the CPU fan header pins.
Install the CPU fan Install the CPU fan Install the CPU fan

Step:

8


This DDR4 RAM is available at Amazon, they have other types as well, just click on the link:

Install the Memory:

[1] Genthly pull down the latch on the side of the memory socket.

[2] On the Memory module (RAM), there is a notch located in the middle of the connectors, align the notch againts the notch on the memory socket.

[3] Gently insert the Memory module inside the memory socket, until you here a click.

[4] Lock the Memory module by closing the memory socket latch.


(1) The memory latch is set in open position.

The Memory module is carefully inserted into the memory socket.
The Memory module is lock in place by the (1) memory socket latch set in close position.
Install the Memory module Install the Memory module

Step:

9


This Motherboards is available at Amazon, they have other types, just click on the link to see more:

Install the MotherBoard:

[1] Install the Stand-off screws (Very important) , the stand-off screws will prevent the motherboard from touching the case, thus preventing a short circuit. there are about nine stand-off screws you need to install. see a sample picture below of a stand-of screw.

[2] Install the I/O Face Plate, this plate has various holes, to accomodate each on-board port on the MotherBoard. See sample picture below.

[3] Install the MotherBoard by aligning and inserting the On-board Ports against the I/O Face Plate openings, place the MotherBoard on top of the nine Stand-off screws.

[4] Secure the MotherBoard to the case, with screws that came with the MotherBoard, use a screw-driver with the correct scew bit.


The Stand-off screws are installed inside the bottom of the case. The I/O Face Plate is installed at the rear of the DeskTop Case. The MotherBoard is place on top of the Stand-off screws, the On-Board Ports are inserted and aligned to the I/O Face Plate and the MotherBoard is properly secured with the screws. The On-board Ports are inserted into the I/O Face Plate port holes.
Install I/O face plate and Motherboard Install I/O face plate and Motherboard Install I/O face plate and Motherboard Install I/O face plate and Motherboard

Step:

10


Install the DVD drive:

[1] Insert the DVD drive into the Front Panel DVD drive openng.

[2] Align the DVD drive screw holes found on the side, againts the holes on the DVD drive bay.

[3] Use the screws to secure the DVD drive to the DVD drive bay.


The DVD drive is inserted into the Front Panel DVD drive opening, and the DVD front face is facing outwardly. The DVD drive screw holes are properly aligned against the holes on the DVD drive bay. The DVD drive is properly secured with screws. The DVD drive is properly installed.
Install the DVD drive. Install the DVD drive. Install the DVD drive.

Step:

11


Install the SSD drive:

[1] Attach the SSD drive on the Metal Caddy, screw the bottom part of the Metal caddy to the SSD.

[2] Insert the SSD with Caddy into the drive bay, place the SSD one space below the DVD drive. Make sure that
SSD Sata power connector and Data connector are exposed.

[3] Align the SSD drive screw holes againts the holes on the drive bay.

[4] Secure the SSD drive with screws.


This is a demo image of a SSD and Metal Caddy. The bottom part of Metal Caddy will be used to screw the SSD into it. The SSD is attached to the Metal Caddy. The SSD is inserted to the drive bay, one place below the DVD drive.
The Sata power connector and Data connector are exposed.
The SSD screw holes are properly aligned against the holes on the drive bay. The SSD is properly secured with screws.
Install the SSD drive. Install the DVD drive. Install the SSD drive. Install the SSD drive. Install the SSD drive.

Step:

12


Connect the 24 pin P1 main power connector to the P1 motherboard power connector:

[1] Attach the 24 pin P1 power connector to the P1 motherboard power connector.


This is the 24 pin P1 power connector. This is the P1 motherboard power connector. The 24 pin P1 power connector is connected to the P1 motherboard power connector.
Install the 24 pin P1 power connector. Install the 24 pin P1 power connector. Install the 24 pin P1 power connector.

Step:

13


Connect the 4-pin atx 12V power connector to the auxiliary power connector:

[1] Attach the 4-pin atx 12V power connector to the 12V auxiliary power connector on the motherboard.


This is the the 4-pin atx 12V power connector from the PSU: This is the 12V auxiliary power connector on the motherboard. The 4-pin atx 12V power connector is connected to the 12V auxiliary power connector.
Install the 12v power connector. Install the 12v power connector. Install the 12v power connector.

Step:

14


Connect the (PSU) first Sata power connector to the DVD drive power connector:

[1] Use the Power Supply (PSU) Sata power cable, as shown below.

[2] Connect the (PSU) First Sata power connector to the DVD drive power connector.


This is the Sata power cable from the Power Supply (PSU): The (PSU) First Sata power connector is connected to the DVD drive power connector.
Install the 24 pin P1 power connector. Install the 24 pin P1 power connector.

Step:

15


Connect the second Sata power connector to the SSD power connector:

[1] Use the Power Supply (PSU) Sata power cable, as shown below.

[2] Connect the (PSU) Second Sata power connector to the SSD drive power connector.

This is the Sata power cable from the Power Supply (PSU): The (PSU) Second Sata power connector is connected to the SSD power connector.
Install the 24 pin P1 power connector. Install the 24 pin P1 power connector.

Step:

16


Connect the Sata Data cable from the motherboard to the DVD drive:

[1] Use the Sata Data Cable, see image below.

[2] Connect one end of the Sata data cable to the Sata connector on the motherboard.

[3] Connect the other end of the Sata data cable to the DVD drive Sata data connector.


This is the Sata data cable The First end of the Sata data cable is connected to the Sata data connector on the motherboard. The other end of the Sata data cable is connected to the Sata data connector on the DVD drive.
Sata Data cable Sata Data cable Sata Data cable

Step:

17


Connect the Sata Data cable from the motherboard to the SSD drive:

[1] Use the Sata Data Cable, see image below.

[2] Connect one end of the Sata data cable to the empty Sata connector on the motherboard.

[3] Connect the other end of the Sata data cable to the SSD Sata data connector.


This is the Sata data cable The First end of the Sata data cable is connected to the Sata data connector on the motherboard. The other end of the Sata data cable is connected to the Sata data connector on the SSD.
Connect the SSD Sata Data cable Connect the SSD Sata Data cable Connect the SSD Sata Data cable

Step:

18


Install the Case Fan:

[1] Beside the CPU, you will find a vent that has many holes, this is where you will install the Case Fan.

[2] Position the Case Fan against the holes.

[3] Screw the Case Fan using screws that came with it.

[4] Connect the Case Fan power connector to the Case Fan motherboard connector, this is normally labeled "CHA_FAN".


Inside the Case, the Case Fan is positioned at the rear. The Case Fan is secured by screws. The Case Fan motherboard connector and "CAH_FAN" label. The Case Fan power connector is connected to the Case Fan motherboard connector.
Install the Case fan Install the Case fan Install the Case fan Install the Case fan

Step:

19


Connect the USB 3.0 port:

[1] The USB 3.0 cable connector is the blue cable found Inside the Desktop case it has a large connector, see image below

[2] Connect the USB 3.0 cable to the motherboard USB 3.0 connector, see image below.

[3] Refer to your motherboard diagram were the USB 3.0 connector is located.


The USB 3.0 cable is connected to the motherboard USB 3.0 connector.
Connect the USB 3.0 cable

Step:

20


Connect the HD Audio:

[1] The HD Audio cable connector is labled as "HD AUDIO", cable is found inside the Desktop case, see image below

[2] Connect the HD Audio cable to the motherboard Audio connector, see image below.

[3] Refer to your motherboard diagram were the HD Audio connector is located.


The motherboard HD Audio connector. The HD Audio cable is connected to the motherboard HD Audio connector.
Connect the HD Audio cabler Connect the HD Audio cable

Step:

21


Connect the USB 2.0 cable:

[1] The USB 2.0 cable is found Inside the Desktop case labeled "USB", see image below

[2] Connect the USB 2.0 cable to the motherboard USB 2.0 connector, see image below.

[3] Refer to your motherboard diagram were the USB 2.0 connector is located.


The USB 2.0 cable is connected to the motherboard USB 2.0 connector..
Connect the USB 2.0

Step:

22


Connect the Internal Speaker:

[1] Connect Internal Speaker to the motherboard Speaker connector labled as "SPEAKER", see image below.

[2] Refer to your motherboard diagram were the Speaker connector is located.


This is the Desktop Internal Speaker. This is the motherboard Speaker connector. The Internal Speaker is connected to the motherboard Speaker connector..
Connect the Internal Speaker to the motherboard Speaker connector Connect the Internal Speaker to the motherboard Speaker connector Connect the Internal Speaker to the motherboard Speaker connector

Step:

23


Connect the Front Panel connectors:

[1] There are basically 5 Front Header connectors;

P LED - , PLED + : Responsible for ligthing the Power Indicator Light.
POWER SW : Responsible for Turning On the PC.
HDD LED : Responsible for ligthing the Hard Disk Drive while operation.
RESET SW : Responsible for Resetting the PC.

[2] Connect the Front Panel connectors to the motherboard front panel header pins accordingly.

                               There are 9 total pins laid out as:
                               [o][o][o][o][x]
                               [o][o][o][o][o]
                               
                               Connect the front panel connecotrs into the 9-pin front panel header of your motherboard:

                                                                             (PWR LED) (PWR SW) 
                                                                              +  -
                                                                              |  |     |  |
                               PWR LED (+) at the left; (-) at the right --> [o] [o]  [o][o] [x] <-- POWER SW (+)/(-) 

                                                                             (HDD LED) (RESET SW)
                                                                              +   -
                                                                              |  |      |  |
                               HDD LED (+) at the left; (-) at the right --> [o][o]    [o][o]     [o] <-- RESET SW (+)/(-) 
                                                                                                   |
                                                                                                 Blank 
                               
                               Note: the bottom-rightmost pin is left empty.
                               
                               


[3] Refer to your motherboard diagram to locate the motherboard front panel header pins. Each motherboard might have their own orientation on how to set the pins.



This is Front Panel connectors. This is the motherboard front panel header pins. The Front Panel connectors are connected to the motherboard front panel header pins.
Connect the Front Panel connectors to the motherboard front panel header pins. Connect the Front Panel connectors to the motherboard front panel header pins. Connect the Front Panel connectors to the motherboard front panel header pins.

Step:

24


Semi-assembled computer desktop:

After installing all the computer parts mentioned above, this is what it will look like.
The image shows the different computer parts installed.

Not shown:
Internal speaker, which is hidden.
Front Panel header connections.
SATA data motherboard connections.
CPU FAN motherboard power connections.
Desktop Case Fan power connections.


This is a semi-assembled personal computer desktop.
Assembled computer desktop




Step:

25


This LCD Monitors is available at Amazon, they have other types available, just click on the link to see more:


Connect the Monitor, keyboard and mouse:

[1] Connect the LCD monitor cable to the VGA port at the rear of the desktop.

[2] Connect the Keyboard cable to the USB port at the rear of the desktop.

[3] Connect the Mouse cable to the USB port at the rear of the desktop.


This is the Monitor, Keyboard and Mouse. This are the I/O ports at the rear of the desktop.
(1) VGA port, (2) USB Port , (3) USB Port
The Monitor is connected to the (1) VGA port. The Keyboard is connected to the (2) USB port. The Mouse is connected to the (3) USB port.
Assembled computer desktop Assembled computer desktop Assembled computer desktop Assembled computer desktop Assembled computer desktop

Step:

26


Fully Assembled Basic Personal Computer:

This is the Fully Assembled Basic Personal Computer System, which you assembled.
Congratulations......

Turn-On and test the system:
[1] Make sure the PC power cord is connected to an AC power outlet.

[2] Make sure the LCD power cord is connected to an AC power outlet.

[3] Make sure the LCD is connected to the VGA port.

[4] Make sure the Keyboard and Mouse are connected to USB ports.

[5] If everything is verified, Turn on the Power Supply Switch, which is located at the back of the PSU.

[6] Press the Power Switch on the Desktop.

[7] Your System should boot up.

[8] Your System should display the BIOS screen.

[9] If the BIOS is displayed, and you do not hear any weired sounds, no burning smell, then
your next step is to install the Operating System (This topic is not covered on this page.)

Warning: If you hear any weired sounds, or smell burning, turn off your system right away, unplug the computer,
ground yourself before openning your system and then check:

[1] if the computer parts are properly connected.

[2] Check for any short circuits, burn-out capacitors, verify that the motherboard is sitting on top of the Stand-off screws.

Click on Troubleshoot tab for additional assistance to resolve issues.


Fully Assembled Basic Personal Computer System.
Assembled computer desktop